Gaze-Coupled Perspective for Enhanced Three-Dimensional Human-Computer Interfaces in Aeronautics

Masotti, Nicola ; Franco, Persiani (2015) Gaze-Coupled Perspective for Enhanced Three-Dimensional Human-Computer Interfaces in Aeronautics. In: Air Transport and Operations Symposium 2015, July 2015, TU Delft.
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In aeronautics many Virtual/Augmented Reality (V/AR) facilities, such as flight simulators, control-tower simulators, remote towers and flight reconstruction software, rely on the assumption that the viewer will most likely stay still in a pre-defined position. For this reason, they can be dubbed Desktop Virtual/Augmented Reality (D-V/AR) interfaces, in contrast with ‘gaze-coupled’ V/AR interfaces, which take into account the viewpoint position within the rendering pipeline. Surprisingly, in spite of the rough perspective model being used, D-V/AR is often well accepted by both designers and final users. Indeed, in some cases, it yields to credible results. However, when the viewer’s eyes move far away from their ‘default’ position, the rendering outcome will be affected by significant error, resulting in a poorly immersive and/or unrealistic experience. This paper discusses gaze-dependent visual interfaces as a means to enhance Human- Machine Interaction (HMI) and visual perception in V/AR based aeronautical facilities. Within the dissertation, a classification of leading V/AR display techniques is given, including D-V/AR, Off-axis V/AR (O-V/AR), Generalized V/AR (G-V/AR), Stereoscopic V/AR (S-VAR), Head-coupled V/AR (H-V/AR) and Fish-Tank V/AR (F-V/AR). For each technique, benefits, downsides and constraints have been exposed. Also, a set of suitable applications for gaze-dependent HMI has been identified, including, but not limited to, flight simulation, flight reconstruction, air navigation services provision and unmanned aerial system governance.

Document type
Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Masotti, NicolaDepartment of Industrial Engineering0000-0001-9953-2688
Franco, PersianiDepartment of Industrial Engineering0000-0002-2809-9546
Aeronautics, gaze-coupled, head-coupled, 3D, interface, human-factors
Deposit date
15 Nov 2016 11:40
Last modified
15 Nov 2016 11:40

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