Social Closure, Surnames and Crime

Buonanno, Paolo ; Vanin, Paolo (2015) Social Closure, Surnames and Crime. Bologna: Dipartimento di Scienze economiche DSE, p. 25. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsacta/4357. In: Quaderni - Working Paper DSE (1032). ISSN 2282-6483.
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Abstract

This paper studies the effect of social closure on crime and tax evasion rates using disaggregated data for Italian municipalities. It measures the degree of social openness of a community by the diversity of its surname distribution, which reflects the history of migration and inbreeding. It shows that, all else equal, communities with a history of social closure have lower crime rates and higher tax evasion rates than more open communities. The effect of social closure is likely to be causal, it is relevant in magnitude, statistically significant, and robust to changes in the set of included controls, in the specific measures of dependent and independent variables, in the specification of the regression equation, and in the possible sample splits. Our findings are consistent with the idea that social closure strengthens social sancions and social control, thus leading to more cooperative outcomes in local interactions, but it reduces cooperation on a larger scale.

Abstract
Document type
Monograph (Working Paper)
Creators
CreatorsAffiliationORCID
Buonanno, Paolo
Vanin, Paolo
Keywords
Social Closure, Surname Distribution, Crime
Subjects
ISSN
2282-6483
DOI
Deposit date
06 Oct 2015 07:22
Last modified
23 Oct 2015 09:28
URI

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