Terrorism Risk and Democratic Preferences in Pakistan

Ur Rehman, Faiz ; Vanin, Paolo (2015) Terrorism Risk and Democratic Preferences in Pakistan. Bologna: Dipartimento di Scienze economiche DSE, p. 39. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsacta/4401. In: Quaderni - Working Paper DSE (1037). ISSN 2282-6483.
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Abstract

Beyond direct damages, terrorism creates fear and insecurity, potentially reducing support for democratic institutions if these are deemed inadequate to tackle the threat, and increasing support for military governments. To investigate this possibility, we use data from Pakistan, a country that experienced an exponential rise in terrorism since 2001. Exploiting individual level data on democratic attitudes and district level information on terrorist attacks, we document that persistent exposure to terrorism (and more broadly to violence) is associated to a significantly lower support for democratic values. Results are robust to the inclusion of different sets of controls, to sample splits based on gender, urbanization and education, and to endogeneity considerations. Instrumenting terrorism and violence by the distance from the Pak-Afghan border and by religious fractionalization suggests that the documented correlation reflects a causal impact. Terrorism thus threatens not only individuals, but also democratic institutions.

Abstract
Document type
Monograph (Working Paper)
Creators
CreatorsAffiliationORCID
Ur Rehman, Faiz
Vanin, Paolo
Keywords
Terrorism, Institution, Democracy
Subjects
ISSN
2282-6483
DOI
Deposit date
28 Oct 2015 11:23
Last modified
07 Jun 2017 08:01
URI

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