The Influence of Role Models on Immigrant Self-Employment: A Spatial Analysis for Switzerland

Guerra, Giuliano ; Patuelli, Roberto (2011) The Influence of Role Models on Immigrant Self-Employment: A Spatial Analysis for Switzerland. Bologna: Dipartimento di Scienze economiche DSE, p. 27. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsacta/4495. In: Quaderni - Working Paper DSE (745). ISSN 2282-6483.
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Abstract

Theoretical and empirical research suggests a connection between the presence of role models and the emergence of entrepreneurs. Existing entrepreneurs may act as role models for self-employment candidates by providing successful examples. By explicitly considering the self-employment rates of the natives, which may influence locally the decisions of immigrants towards entrepreneurship, we develop a simple model that explains immigrant self-employment rates for a sample of 2,490 Swiss municipalities. In addition, we accommodate for the presence of spatial spillovers in the distribution of rates, and test a spatial autoregressive model which takes into account the average self-employment rates of immigrants living in nearby municipalities. Our evidence shows a significant (positive) effect of such spatial network effects, which are characterized by a quick distance decay, suggesting spatial spillovers at the household and social network level. Additionally, we show that local conditions and immigrant pool characteristics differ, with respect to self-employment choices, when examining separately urban and rural contexts.

Abstract
Document type
Monograph (Working Paper)
Creators
CreatorsAffiliationORCID
Guerra, Giuliano
Patuelli, Roberto
Keywords
immigrants, self-employment, role models, Switzerland, spatial lag
Subjects
ISSN
2282-6483
DOI
Deposit date
28 Jan 2016 13:17
Last modified
28 Jan 2016 13:17
URI

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