Working on the Train? The role of technical Progress and the Trade in Explaining Wage Differentials in Italian Firms

Manasse, Paolo ; Stanca, Luca (2003) Working on the Train? The role of technical Progress and the Trade in Explaining Wage Differentials in Italian Firms. Bologna: Dipartimento di Scienze economiche DSE, p. 31. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsacta/4812. In: Quaderni - Working Paper DSE (482). ISSN 2282-6483.
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Abstract

This paper presents firm-level evidence on the dynamics of the relative demand for non-manual workers in Italian manufacturing during the 1990s. The analysis provides a number of interesting results. First, the rise within firms in the share of non manual workers in both employment and hours worked (within-firm skill upgrading) is the main determinant of the increase in the relative demand for skilled workers. By contrast, demand changes associated to trade have mitigated such a rise by shifting employment away from skill-intensive firms. Second, while the relative number of hours worked by skilled workers within firms has risen, the hourly wage premium has fallen. Third, within-firm skill upgrading is strongly and significantly related to investment in computers and R&D. Fourth, we find that technical progress has raised the relative productivity of skilled workers (the skill-bias of technical progress is positive). Finally we show that the standard approach that measures annual, rather than hourly relative wages, produces a downward bias in the estimate of the skill-bias of technical progress.

Abstract
Document type
Monograph (Working Paper)
Creators
CreatorsAffiliationORCID
Manasse, Paolo
Stanca, Luca
Keywords
wage differentials, skill bias, technical progress, globalization.
Subjects
ISSN
2282-6483
DOI
Deposit date
09 Mar 2016 14:41
Last modified
09 Mar 2016 14:41
URI

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