What Do Cooperative Firms Maximize, if at All? Evidence from Emilia-Romagna in the pre-Covid Decade

Caselli, Guido ; Costa, Michele ; Delbono, Flavio (2021) What Do Cooperative Firms Maximize, if at All? Evidence from Emilia-Romagna in the pre-Covid Decade. Bologna: Dipartimento di Scienze economiche, p. 31. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsacta/6602. In: Quaderni - Working Paper DSE (1159). ISSN 2282-6483.
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Abstract

The Italian region Emilia-Romagna ranks first among the world’s most important cooperative districts. Using a unique dataset covering all firms registered in the region, we investigate the performance of active firms in the period 2010-18. By focusing on employment, revenue and profits of cooperative firms as compared to conventional firms, we disentangle the differences between the average performance of the two types of companies and detect the presence of a “size effect” driving much of the difference between them. Moreover, our results strengthen previous empirical evidence about the countercyclical role of cooperative firms: they seem to optimize a mixture of employment and profits, assigning a greater weight to the former during downturns and stagnation. Finally, we examine the regional logistics industry and compare also the profitability of employees in the two segments of the sector.

Abstract
Document type
Monograph (Working Paper)
Creators
CreatorsAffiliationORCID
Caselli, GuidoUnioncamere Emilia-Romagna
Costa, MicheleUniversity of Bologna0000-0003-3045-7979
Delbono, FlavioUniversity of Bologna0000-0001-9030-4048
Keywords
Cooperative firms, employment, Gini decomposition
Subjects
ISSN
2282-6483
DOI
Deposit date
16 Feb 2021 09:37
Last modified
16 Feb 2021 09:37
URI

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