Chireix Power Combining with Saturated Class-B Power Amplifiers

Hakala, Ilkka ; Gharavi, Leila ; Kaunisto, Risto (2004) Chireix Power Combining with Saturated Class-B Power Amplifiers. In: Gallium Arsenide applications symposium. GAAS 2004, 11—12 Ottobre, Amsterdam.
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This paper describes the realization of a Chireix power combining part of an outphasing system for 2.14 GHz consisting of two saturated class-B power amplifiers and a Chireix power combiner circuit. The Chireix power combining scheme can be used in Chireix outphasing architecture, which is currently together with EER and the Doherty amplifier one of the most prominent research topics in power amplifier linearization / efficiency enhancement area. In an outphasing system, also known as LINC (Linear Amplification of Nonlinear Components), an amplitude and phase modulated signal is separated into two constant envelope signals containing only phase modulation. The original signal waveform can subsequently be reconstructed by varying the phases of the two constant envelope signal branches, thus enabling, ideally, linear amplification of the original signal with system efficiency comparable to the efficiency of the used PAs. In this paper, the design and implementation as well as the measurement results of a microstrip-line Chireixcombiner together with saturated class-B pHEMT power amplifiers for WCDMA downlink band 2.11-2.17 GHz are reported. The measurement results verify that the concept is indeed functional, and significant efficiency improvement over traditional power combining can be attained. At peak envelope power 37.4 dBm system efficiency of 77 % was measured, and at –8 dB back-off, representing the computational average point for WCDMA signal, system efficiency of 43 % was measured.

Document type
Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Hakala, Ilkka
Gharavi, Leila
Kaunisto, Risto
Deposit date
15 Jun 2005
Last modified
17 Feb 2016 14:10

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