Application of Support Vector Machine to the classification of volcanic tremor at Etna, Italy

Masotti, Matteo and Falsaperla, Susanna and Langer, Horst and Spampinato, Salvo and Campanini, Renato (2006) Application of Support Vector Machine to the classification of volcanic tremor at Etna, Italy. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 33 .
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Abstract

We applied an automatic pattern recognition technique, known as Support Vector Machine (SVM), to classify volcanic tremor data recorded during different states of activity at Etna volcano, Italy. The seismic signal was recorded at a station deployed 6 km southeast of the summit craters from 1 July to 15 August, 2001, a time span encompassing episodes of lava fountains and a 23 day-long effusive activity. Trained by a supervised learning algorithm, the classifier learned to recognize patterns belonging to four classes, i.e., pre-eruptive, lava fountains, eruptive, and post-eruptive. Training and test of the classifier were carried out using 425 spectrogram-based feature vectors. Following cross-validation with a random subsampling strategy, SVM correctly classified 94.7 ± 2.4% of the data. The performance was confirmed by a leave-one-out strategy, with 401 matches out of 425 patterns. Misclassifications highlighted intrinsic fuzziness of class memberships of the signals, particularly during transitional phases.

Abstract
Document type
Article
Creators
CreatorsAffiliationORCID
Masotti, Matteo
Falsaperla, Susanna
Langer, Horst
Spampinato, Salvo
Campanini, Renato
Keywords
Volcano seismology, Volcano monitoring, Support Vector Machine, Pattern Classification
Subjects
DOI
Deposit date
25 Oct 2006
Last modified
16 May 2011 12:04
URI

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