Separating Gender Composition Effect from Peer Effects in Education

Jahanshahi, Babak (2014) Separating Gender Composition Effect from Peer Effects in Education. Bologna: Dipartimento di Scienze economiche DSE, p. 28. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsacta/3989. In: Quaderni - Working Paper DSE (932). ISSN 2282-6483.
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Abstract

This paper aims to highlight the importance of considering endogenous peer effects, as defined by Manski (1993), in order to identify gender composition effect on education outcome appropriately. Using Manski (1993) linear-in-means model, this paper illustrates that the gender composition effect that is currently estimated in education function is the function of three parameters: social multiplier, gender differences in outcome and gender composition effect (known as a gender peer effect). The appropriate gender peer effect is identified after using Graham's variance restriction method to identify and rule out a social multiplier effect. The findings suggest that a social multiplier plays a crucial role in learning process for Italian secondary and US primary students, although a gender peer effect is not as important as highlighted in previous literatures (Hoxby, 2000; Whitmore, 2005; Lavy and Schlosser, 2011).

Abstract
Document type
Monograph (Working Paper)
Creators
CreatorsAffiliationORCID
Jahanshahi, Babak
Keywords
Social interaction, social multiplier, gender peer effect, INVALSI, Project STAR
Subjects
ISSN
2282-6483
DOI
Deposit date
24 Mar 2014 09:41
Last modified
31 Mar 2014 08:26
URI

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