From Personal Values to Social Norms

Barigozzi, Francesca ; Montinari, Natalia (2023) From Personal Values to Social Norms. Bologna: Dipartimento di Scienze economiche, p. 39. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsacta/7211. In: Quaderni - Working Paper DSE (1182). ISSN 2282-6483.
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In Experimental Economics, coordination games are used to elicit social norms as incentivized beliefs about others’ beliefs. Conversely, representative surveys like the World Values Survey elicit social norms as personal attitudes and values that are independent of others’ beliefs. Using a representative survey of the Italian population (N = 1, 501), we compare the two ways of measuring social norms with gender roles as a working example and find the following results. At the aggregated level, appropriateness ratings obtained under the two elicitation methods follow the same pattern but differ significantly in magnitude, with the incentivized social norm elicitation depicting a more conservative view on gender roles than the unincentivized one. The analysis carried out at the individual level allows us to explain the previous result. Most respondents report personal values as more progressive than the perceived norm, which may be consistent with a desirability and/or a self-image bias. This occurs irrespectively of whether respondents correctly perceive the social norm or not. We conclude that analyses based on personal values lead to a proxy of gender norms significantly more progressive than the norms elicited in coordination games.

Document type
Monograph (Working Paper)
Barigozzi, FrancescaDepartment of Economics, University of Bologna0000-0002-4071-5161
Montinari, NataliaDepartment of Economics, University of Bologna0000-0002-3718-9367
elicitation of social norms, representative surveys, coordination games, personal values.
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20 Mar 2023 15:16
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20 Mar 2023 15:16

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